Malika Ghafour: Islamic Art

According to the article by Burckhard, every single detail in Islam has a very deep and spiritual meaning. Starting from Kabah, which is the house of God or spirituality. Kabah is a cubic shaped structure and it is the center of Islam, all mosques in the world are oriented toward Kabah. Cube is a shape that symbolize center and it’s each corner lead to specific direction, so each of these four corners demonstrates the “four corner pillars” of Islam and fifth pillar is pilgrimage, which occurs after the circumambulation (tawaf) of Kabah.
Secondly, calligraphy is another important component of Islamic Art. Calligraphy is mostly used on wall of mosques and also on paper. Starting with Arabic or word of God or the occasional language. Also, Persian with Arabic alphabet, is mostly known as the language of poetry in Islam. In calligraphy the letters has specific characteristics, such as the vertical letters represent masculinity and celestial, whereas the horizontal letters are representing the femininity.
Additionally, a very beautiful form of calligraphy is arabesque: endless patterns of flowers of plants. Arabesque is mostly found on the walls of mosques and also in different scripts they have a specific shapes, for instant, in Kufi calligraphy arabesques are very piercing and sharp and in Urdu it’s really gentle and round shaped.
Third, mosques are the very beautiful buildings in Islam. They are the houses of God and the center of prayer for Muslims. Mosques mostly made the same across the world, however there are some mosques influenced by modernity and have slightly different shapes than other mosques but they are all operating equivalently. In most culture mosques also a place where people get together, share their religious knowledge and experience. In Afghanistan it is a place where, especially men get their daily information and news.
Lastly, Muslim cinema was not very well known during 70’s century. During that time the Egyptian, Italian and American cinemas were very well known and every one was influenced by them. However, things changed in 90’s century the Iranian Cinema became quite famous and now Iranian movies are revealed globally at the beginning these cinemas focused mostly on religious movies but it changed over time.
To sum up, Islamic art is a very interesting language of knowing what every detail in Islam means. Although it slightly differs from culture to culture, overall you will find so many similarities. In some countries mosques are used just for prayers but in others it is a physical place for men to religiously socialize and get information like Afghanistan. The shape of Kabah, Islamic calligraphy, shape of the mosques and the cinema in Islam in most ways have similar patterns, colors and shapes.