Hafez Sa’di and Rumi, Differing Perspectives: Eiden Pospisil

Hafez, Sa’di, and Rumi all discuss  aspects of Sufi spirituality throughout their writing, but all approach it from their unique perspectives. Their differences reflect their individual relationship to God and how to best attain Sufi goals of unity with the Divine . Through the poems Hafez’s I’ve Known the Pains of Love’s Frustration, Sa’di’s The Sweet-And Sour-Faced Honey-Sellers, and Rumi’s Omar and the Emissary from Byzantium.  


While Hafez focuses on a notion of spiritual decay and reflections on previous times.  This style of narration draws on notions of moral purity and the importance of connection to God throughout one’s life.  As one strays from this path of connection to the divine, a loss occurs within the individual detracting from the individual’s experience.  Through I’ve Known the Pains of Love’s Frustration, Hafez focuses on the losses he has experienced within his own life and the pain that he feels from this lack of connection, serving as a dark reminder of the importance of connection to the Divine.


Sa’di speaks through stories and allegories of moral struggle.  By creating these struggles within his stories, Sa’di shows the moral path forward for the individual, showing the importance of strong moral character.  Through the Sweet and Sour Face Honey Sellers, Sa’di creates an important dialogue between the Man and his wife.  Her constant reminders of perspective and outlook on life shows the risks of falling into melancholy and failure to see God’s beauty in creation.  Through this style of narration, Sa’di creates a reminder of the importance of purity and humility with relation to the Divine.


Through his extensive poems,  Rumi creates a story that constantly builds and reminds the reader of the importance of connection to the Divine, by gradually reinforcing this concept throughout his writing, Rumi creates a variety of perspectives on the same subject allowing multiple occasions for the reader to connect with the importance of his message.  This style of writing reflects on Rumi’s own extensive self reflection on his own life thus expressing the importance of his struggles through stories meant to connect with any individual.  


While all reflect perspectives and approaches reflect Sufi thought,  each writer brings their own history and personal story to this type of spiritual writing.  These  perspectives, while similar create a variety of perspectives on the importance of connection to the Divine.