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The Role of Music in Friendship:

Self-Other Merging, Group Bonding and Personal Pleasure INTRODUCTION Music has, since its conception, served as a powerful tool for expression, communication, creation, and social bonding. Whether it is expressed through the beautiful performance of an ensemble, the careful craft of composition, or through mediums like radio, music has the profound ability to affect people on(…)

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Nehemas, Art and Friendship

Nehemas, Art and Friendship

In many ways philosopher Andrew Nehemas agrees with Aristotle on the fundamentals of friendship. But he vehemently disagrees with the notion of virtue-based friendship, as he believes no human can be truly virtuous, thus meriting a virtue-based friendship impossible. Instead, he believes that a good, close friendship is more important to a virtuous one. He(…)

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Civic Friendship as the Solution to a Neoliberal Economy

Civic Friendship as the Solution to a Neoliberal Economy

  Civic Friendship as the Solution to a Neoliberal Economy   Neoliberalism can be described as the theory of political economic practices which propose that human wellbeing can be advanced by entrepreneurial freedoms and institutionalized frameworks. Under a neoliberal model, it is incredibly easy for people across the globe to become a cog in the(…)

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Friendship Resolution

Friendship Resolution

  WHEREAS, friendship creates the basis for safety, solidarity, and sanctuary; and   WHEREAS, friendship nurtures mental, emotional, creative and spiritual growth; and   WHEREAS, the commitment to honoring friendship in all its form, through communal celebration, strengthens and deepens friendship, community, and self; and   WHEREAS, friendship can be built, nurtured, and expressed through(…)

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Friendship As a Moral Paradigm

Friendship As a Moral Paradigm

  In Michael Mitias’s book, “Friendship: A Central Moral Value”, evaluates the ways in which paradigm shifts over time introduce new modes or forms of friendship, particular through Hellenic and Hellenistic time periods. Using Mitias’s work alongside works by Paul Wadell (“Friendship and Moral Life”), , and Werner G. Jeanrond (“Theological Truth from the Perspective(…)

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Perspectives on Friendship:

Perspectives on Friendship:

Confucian, Hindu, Zoroastrian, Roman, Christian and Muslim Understandings of Friendship “Friendship is love without need, desire without want.” Despite their many differences on the surface, Confucian, Hindu, Zoroastrian, Roman, Christian, and Muslim traditions place a similar importance on friendship, many even considering it a virtue. In many of these traditions, the importance of friendship is(…)

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The Role of Friendship In Political Philosophy

The Role of Friendship In Political Philosophy

The Role of Friendship In Political Philosophy   Both Plato and Aristotle spend a good amount of time defining friendship and offering their musings on the subject, agreeing that friendship is pivotal to a happy life. Aristotle wrote that “friendship is most necessary with a view to living…for without friends no one would choose to(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: The Magic of Forough Farrokhzad

Sanam Tiffany: The Magic of Forough Farrokhzad

Sanam Tiffany Islam / RELG 270 December 18, 2016 The Magic of Forough Farrokhzad: Feminism and Power Through Poetry and Devotion When people first think of Islamic poets, images of the greats Rumi and Hafez often come to mind; and though they are very talented and memorable for exceptional reasons, people often forget to think(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: The Power and Spirituality of Islamic Art

Sanam Tiffany: The Power and Spirituality of Islamic Art

Islamic artwork reflects many elements of the Muslim reverence of God; portraying the intricate, vast beauty of religion and spirituality through stunning calligraphy and magical fractal-esque mosaics (often referred to in the Muslim art world as arabesques). Every element of Islamic art is created with God in mind, and most artwork reflects many important elements(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: Issues and Solutions of Islam Within European Colonization

Sanam Tiffany: Issues and Solutions of Islam Within European Colonization

When discussing the concept of modernity from an Islamic standpoint, the reference of modernity is usually to the time in the history of Islam during which European colonization and scholastic renaissance was flourishing while the Ottoman Empire was slowly falling. During this time, European powers were beginning to develop great interest and exciting theories in(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: Commonalities Between the Three Muslim Empires

Sanam Tiffany: Commonalities Between the Three Muslim Empires

The three medieval Muslim empires of the 16th century were made up of the Ottomans, the Mughals, and the Safavids, sometimes collectively referred to as “The Gunpowder Empires”. Because of the close relation of beliefs (religious, cultural, lawful) between these empires, there are many similarities and comparisons to be drawn and understood about these great(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: The Ethics of Islam

Sanam Tiffany: The Ethics of Islam

There are three primary sources that discuss the ethics of Islam: The Quran, Prophetic Hadith, and Pre-Islamic Tradition. There are pillars of Islam, commandments, and Articles of Faith that dictate how Islamic people must treat the world around them, as well as how they must view their relationship with God. The Five Pillars of Islam(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: The Muslim Influence on the European Renaissance

Sanam Tiffany: The Muslim Influence on the European Renaissance

During integration between Muslim cultures and Western Europe, Islamic people brought many facets of knowledge and sources of inspiration for western people, as Islam and Muslim culture inspired early Europe in many ways. During Europe’s Dark Ages, Islamic lands were experiencing a golden age filled with the progression and rich innovations in the realms of(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: An Observation of Islamic and Christian Perspectives of Jesus

Sanam Tiffany: An Observation of Islamic and Christian Perspectives of Jesus

9/19/16   It is very curious to examine the Quranic view of integral qualities of Christianity, and the Islamic perspective on dually fundamental figures like Jesus and Mary. Though the overall history of Jesus is represented similarly in both holy books (for instance, Jesus’s main mission in both the Bible and the Quran is to(…)

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Sanam Tiffany: An Early Observation of Islam

Sanam Tiffany: An Early Observation of Islam

In the first few week’s reading and classes I’ve learned many new things about the culture and religion of my family. Many of these things did not surprise me despite being new information, for my exposure to my family’s religion through mosque visits left me with a better intuitive understanding of the religion. But there(…)

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