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Sufism and Llewellyn Vaughn-Lee: Eiden Pospisil

Sufism and Llewellyn Vaughn-Lee: Eiden Pospisil

Eiden Pospisil 5/13/2016 Mystic Traditions and Islamic Literature Sufism and Llewellyn Vaughn-Lee From its historical roots, Sufism has often come into confrontation with traditional Islamic thought. By its nature as an esoteric individual approach to Qur’anic study, Sufism is often rejected as heretical and not based on the teachings of Muhammad. Dancing and music which(…)

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Hafez Sa’di and Rumi, Differing Perspectives: Eiden Pospisil

Hafez Sa’di and Rumi, Differing Perspectives: Eiden Pospisil

Hafez, Sa’di, and Rumi all discuss  aspects of Sufi spirituality throughout their writing, but all approach it from their unique perspectives. Their differences reflect their individual relationship to God and how to best attain Sufi goals of unity with the Divine . Through the poems Hafez’s I’ve Known the Pains of Love’s Frustration, Sa’di’s The(…)

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Architecture and Spirituality: Eiden Pospisil

Architecture and Spirituality: Eiden Pospisil

  The link between spirituality and architecture in Islam is apparent as soon as one enters a Mosque. The beautiful acoustic quality of the architecture of the Mosque reflects the fact that Islam is an aural religion that is meant to be sung. The shape of the building creates an echo chamber that reflects the(…)

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Rumi and the Sufi Way by Eiden Pospisil

Rumi and the Sufi Way by Eiden Pospisil

Throught all three volumes of The Masnavi,  Rumi uses recurring themes and concepts to reinforce larger foundational elements in the Sufi way.  Maintaining that purity of action and love of God before all else is critical to a pure existence,  Rumi continually develops these themes in different contexts to reinforce their nature as core elements.(…)

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Sufism and Modernity by Eiden Pospisil

Sufism and Modernity by Eiden Pospisil

While much of modern dialogue revolving around Islam focuses on violence and inter-religious conflict,  focusing on the universal and mystical nature of Sufism is critical to the healing process.  Much of the Mid-east is involved in conflict regarding interpretation of the Quran, the individual internal approach of Sufi practice is key to ending conflict and(…)

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Eiden Pospisil: Fundamental Concepts

Eiden Pospisil: Fundamental Concepts

The Sufi mindset emphasizes four fundamental ideas. These concepts tie together the Sufi way of being and guide the individual through the Sufi stages of being. Ruh or the soul is the focus of Sufi practices as the aim as to achieve nearness to God through purification of the spirit. Through the practices of sincerity and(…)

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Historical and Social Causes of Sufisms Development by Eiden Pospisil

Historical and Social Causes of Sufisms Development by Eiden Pospisil

Sufism developed from a variety of internal and external forces that called for a new approach to Islamic practices after the initial Islamic Expansion.  Sufism calls for the internalization of Islamic principles and demands the renunciation of the material world.  This call for humility stems from following the practices of Muhammad as well as his(…)

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The Role Model in Sufism

Within Sufi tradition the connection between the mentor and the student is essential. Sufism uses dualities and the division of perception to analyze the human experience and understand a larger purpose. Sufi thought branches from a disillusionment regarding the use of Islamic teaching as a means for territorial expansion. The similarities seen between the rise(…)

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Poetry and the Islamic World View

Poetry and the Islamic World View

Although separated by centuries, Islamic poets Nazim Hikmet and Jalal al-Din Rumi both elevate and express the beauty of God. By reinforcing the beauty of life as well as the responsibility to God that life includes, both poets create a contrast between the divine and the material world.  “Don’t let others lead you. They may(…)

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E. Pospisil: Architecture and Spirituality

E. Pospisil: Architecture and Spirituality

The link between architecture and spirituality in Islam has always been an issue of great importance.  Expressing the beauty of Allah while simultaneously being cautious of idol worship and ego gratification by man is a balance that must be  reflected in Islamic architecture.   “And it was already revealed to you and to those before you(…)

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Eiden Pospisil: The Gunpowder Empires

Eiden Pospisil: The Gunpowder Empires

Three major empires defined Islam and gave it characteristics that are now accepted as common Islamic values. The Safavid, Ottoman, and Mughal empires created new forms of government specifically focused around specific ideals of Islam that had a lasting effect which still shapes the world today. The Safavid Empire was by far the smallest of(…)

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Eiden Pospisil- Moral Ethics in Islam

Eiden Pospisil- Moral Ethics in Islam

Islam involves a combination of virtue, duty, and principle based ethics that create a code by which the individual should live their life.   This overarching set of rules is meant to guide the individual achieving this standard. This combination of virtue duty, and principle ethical realms shows that one must maintain a balanced mind and(…)

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E. Pospisil: Legality in the Islamic Worldview

E. Pospisil: Legality in the Islamic Worldview

Islamic Law is derived from two main sources, the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Since the Qur’an is viewed as the word of God, in Islamic Sharia law, the legal system must be based on the Qur’an. Sharia Law covers nearly every aspect of daily life, from cleanliness, prayers, fasting, hajj and, transactions, to marriage, and(…)

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Eiden Pospisil: Islamic Civilization and the European Renaissance

Eiden Pospisil: Islamic Civilization and the European Renaissance

In the beginning of the 8th century the first genuine Muslim Revolution took place. Beginning in Northern Iran a strong rebellion against the Umayyad Empire gained momentum standing against a corrupt government and the oppression of Muslims. This rebellion spread quickly, overthrowing the Ummayad Empire and established Baghdad as the capitol of the Abassid Empire(…)

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Eiden Pospisil: Moral Issues in Surat 19

Eiden Pospisil: Moral Issues in Surat 19

  Eiden Pospisil: Moral Issues in Surat 19 “Maryam” Chapter 19 of the Qur’an, “Maryam” mainly explores the birth of Jesus and strongly warns against idol worship. While exploring these issues, the Quran proposes several moral issues. These issues consider whether Jesus was the Son of God, condemnation of those who turn to idol worship,(…)

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Architecture and Spirituality in Islam

Architecture and Spirituality in Islam

Architecture and Spirituality in Islam The link between spirituality and architecture in Islam is apparent as soon as one enters a Mosque. The beautiful acoustic quality of the architecture of the Mosque reflects the fact that Islam is an aural religion that must be sung. The shape of the building creates an almost echo chamber(…)

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