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Dorothy Klement: Augustine and al-Tawhidi, Comparative Analysis of Different Ethics of Friendship in Politics

Dorothy Klement: Augustine and al-Tawhidi, Comparative Analysis of Different Ethics of Friendship in Politics

Introduction Under the conditions of today’s modern state, friendship is frequently denied any ordering function in political discourse. Friendships of utility—believed to be the only type of friendship possible in the political arena—are feared for their transiency and instability. Political friendships are viewed only as an inevitable vehicles of nepotism or personal betrayal and consequently,(…)

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Dorothy Klement, Final: Female Experience of  Spiritual Autonomy and Leadership in West African Sufi Orders

Dorothy Klement, Final: Female Experience of Spiritual Autonomy and Leadership in West African Sufi Orders

Abstract Analyzing women’s authoritative roles in African Sufi orders solely as a function of their utter lack of status and respect in a patriarchal Islamic framework, eclipses any valuable analysis of the agency of women within their unique contexts with respect to her own perception of liberation, power, and a “meaningful” life. Sufi women in(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Architectural Support for Spirituality

Dorothy Klement: Architectural Support for Spirituality

The mosque is a focal point for Islamic community. A central place of worship is considered crucial in honoring God, for prayer in a congregation is deemed more socially and spiritually beneficial than praying on your own.  The Quran mentions prayer as the only way to keep oneself from “great sins and evil deeds” (Quran(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Sufi Views and Metaphor in Rumi’s Masnavi

Dorothy Klement: Sufi Views and Metaphor in Rumi’s Masnavi

After reading select poems of Rumi’s Masnavi as translated by Jawid Mohaddedi, I have chosen to focus on the use of metaphor which functions through use of animals. In addition to linking these poems with their Quranic roots, I looked to better understand the functionality of animals in sufi poetry. To start, I began by(…)

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Dorothy Klement: The Four Foundational Principles of Sufism

Dorothy Klement: The Four Foundational Principles of Sufism

The variety within Sufi practice and Sufi principles is vast and orders of differing approaches to finding unity with God span across the Middle East, Northern Africa and more recently in the West. Despite the different methods and beliefs within Sufism there are four foundational principles or beliefs that sustain within every order and branch(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Relevance of Sufism in our Modern World

Dorothy Klement: Relevance of Sufism in our Modern World

The relevance of Sufism in today’s modern context is best understood when looking to understand its persistence or lack thereof in a) Muslim nations, and b) Western culture. To understand the Sufism of the modern world, it is also important to recognize the pluralism within Sufism, and that not all Sufis follow the same doctrines.(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Historical And Social Roots for Mystical Approaches to Islam

Dorothy Klement: Historical And Social Roots for Mystical Approaches to Islam

In the wake of the creation of the young Islamic Empire (7-8th centuries) and the deterioration of the Byzantine and Persian empires, although not yet identifying as sufis, the first sufis, began to generate ideas and pursue a mystic approach to Islam, heavily based in Koranic interpretation, in response to the fear that Muslims had forgotten the original purpose(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Sufism: Role Models

Dorothy Klement: Sufism: Role Models

He is the one who brought an eternal Word, not temporal, not spoken, and not made, which is united with God without separation, and which passes beyond the understanding. He is the one who told of the end, and the ends, and the end of the end. — TS of the Lamp, Hallaj Earnst (19)(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Kindred Spirits Pen-Pal Network; Peace through Cross Cultural dialogue

Dorothy Klement: Kindred Spirits Pen-Pal Network; Peace through Cross Cultural dialogue

I have a dream that children everywhere in the world will come to learn about one another at a young age. For when the unknown becomes less scary and foreign, it becomes more exciting, and it creates the opportunity for learning and new friendships. Within friendship lies a power that is unlike any other. It(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Spoken Verse and Artwork for Peace

Dorothy Klement: Spoken Verse and Artwork for Peace

  Vide, ut quod ore cantas, corde credas, et quod corde credis, operibus comprobes Bless, O Lord, us Thy servants, who minister in Thy temple. Grant that what we sing with our lips, we may believe in our hearts, and what we believe in our hearts,we may show forth in our lives. Through Jesus Christ(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Christian and Islamic Contributions to Forgiving Politics

Dorothy Klement: Christian and Islamic Contributions to Forgiving Politics

There is a cycle of injustice in this world. When someone feels wronged, then the initial response is often to seek vengeance upon the perpetrator. Some call this quest for vengeance a quest for “justice”, however Islam and Christian doctrines would consider it below the true believer to seek revenge on their enemies. While secular(…)

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Dorothy Klement : Beautiful Discourse

Dorothy Klement : Beautiful Discourse

Religion has been often thought to have no purpose or place in establishing the ethics of war and peacemaking. The religious context of people and parties in combat have frequently been ignored, and it is feared especially in the Western world that religion is too easily used in a perverse way to further conflict rather(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Friendship in Peace Making

Dorothy Klement: Friendship in Peace Making

Aristotle defines friendship as the combination of both virtuous disposition and virtuous action. Vacek ascribes “perfect friendship” to philia, the Greek word for love, and the only form of love that requires not only the love of others, but also love with others. The fact that we as humans share this earth and must learn(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Islamic Art and Allah

Dorothy Klement: Islamic Art and Allah

Islamic art is difficult to categorize because it is highly influenced by multiple cultures that can be found in the large range of Islamic societies such as Christian art, Byzantine styles, Sassanian art of pre-Islamic Persia, central Asia, and Chinese/Mongolian influences. Essentially, it is the art of contemplation. Art within Islam is deeply rooted in(…)

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Dorothy Klement: Islamic Poetry

Dorothy Klement: Islamic Poetry

In Islam, where history and wisdom is passed down primarily through oral tradition, poetry has become one of the primary ways of preserving this wisdom and promoting it within the family by communicating between generations in Muslim society. Islamic poetry, because it is a form of the written word which is cherished by God, constantly(…)

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Dorothy Klement: “Allah is beautiful, and he loves beauty”; Spirituality and Form Intertwined in Islamic Mosques

Dorothy Klement: “Allah is beautiful, and he loves beauty”; Spirituality and Form Intertwined in Islamic Mosques

The mosque is a focal point for Islamic community. A central place of worship is considered crucial in honoring God, for prayer in a congregation is deemed more socially and spiritually beneficial than praying on your own.  The Quran mentions prayer as the only way to keep oneself from “great sins and evil deeds” (Quran(…)

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